Property Redress Scheme

Here is some useful information about the Property Redress Scheme.

By law, Property Agents are required to join a government authorised consumer redress scheme (Property Redress Scheme). The purpose of this is to give consumers of the Property Agent an escalated complaints procedure if they are unhappy with how their complaint has been dealt with by the Agent.

A ‘consumer’ is a person who uses the service of the Property Agent. Estate Agent consumers will be both sellers and buyers of a property. Letting Agent consumers will be both landlords and tenants. Property Management Agent consumers will generally be the freeholder, head leaseholder or residents’ management company.

The Property Redress Scheme is also open to other Property Professionals. Any customer who uses the service provided by the Property Professional is considered to be a ‘consumer’.

The above consumers of Members of the Property Redress Scheme may be able to have a complaint dealt with by us.

There is a set of criteria which must first be met in order for a complaint to be considered by us:

  1. The Agent/Professional must be a Member of the Property Redress Scheme – check the ‘Member List’.
  2. The Complainant must show that a formal written complaint has been sent to the Member within 12 months of the incident related to the complaint occurring.
  3. The Complainant has allowed a minimum of 8 weeks for the Member to investigate the matter and respond fully.
  4. After the Member’s final response to the complaint or after the Complainant has waited 8 weeks from sending the complaint letter and the Complainant has not received a response, a complaint can be referred to us within 6 months of the formal letter of complaint being sent to the Member.

We are required to put these time limits in place to enable us to deal with complaints fairly and they are deemed reasonable under the Arbitration Act 1996.

The Complaint Process

Once the criteria outlined in the ‘How it works’ tab have been met, the Complainant is able to raise a complaint about the Member with us.

The complaint must be raised using our Complaint Form. When completing the form, the Complainant must explain all the reasons why the complaint is being raised, the actions that have been taken and also include all relevant evidence. This must include the letter/email of complaint and if applicable our Member’s final response. It may also include copies of other communications received from and sent to the Member, including any settlements offered and relevent contracts/agreements and associated documentation.

There is no charge to the Complainant for raising the complaint with the Property Redress Scheme.

The Complainant can withdraw from the Property Redress Scheme complaints process at any point.

Accepting the Complaint

The Property Redress Scheme can only consider a complaint if it is in relation to the act or omission of the Member, and fall under the following criteria (see below regarding leasehold management complaints):

  1. A breach of the Member’s obligations under the law;
  2. When legal rights have been impinged or breached by a Member
  3. When a Member has not acted in accordance with a Code of Practice it has signed up to
  4. When a Member has not administered a transaction as efficiently as would be expected.
  5. Unfair treatment of the complainant by the Member; including, but not limited to:
    – Rudeness or discourtesy
    – Not explaining matters
    – Poor or incompetent service
    – Avoidable delays

The Member’s actions must have resulted in the complainant suffering a financial loss, or unnecessary aggravation, distress and/or inconvenience.

If the Complainant does not respond to reasonable requests made by the Scheme then we may suspend or close the case.

The Complaint Process

The complaint process is as follows. All timescales are subject to reasonable change depending on the circumstances of the complaint.

  1. A Case Assessor will first check the validity of the complaint.
  2. If the Case Assessor believes that the matter requires the consideration of our Member then the complaint form and evidence will then be sent to our Member. The Member will be given the opportunity to resolve the complaint directly with the complainant or send a rebuttal to the complaint and evidence to the Scheme within approximately 10 working days.
  3. At this stage the Case Assessor will decide if the case should progress. If not the Case Assessor will explain the reasons why to the parties. If the complaint is to proceed the Case Assessor will prepare a Resolution Plan. The plan will include the collation of any extra  relevant evidence and set out attempts to resolve the matter. Generally, this process will take approximately 20 working days. If at the end of the Resolution Plan there is no resolution to the complaint, the file will proceed to the next stage.
  4. The Scheme will provide a full analysis of the complaint and evidence in a Proposed Decision to resolve the matter. This process takes approximately a further 20 working days. 
  5. The Proposed Decision can only be changed if the Scheme has made an error in fact or law or there has been an administrative mistake in the Proposed Decision. The parties will be reqired to raise a review request which will be passed to the Head of Redress to check whether the Proposed Decision needs changing or not.

If an early resolution is accepted by the parties then it becomes the Scheme’s Final Decision. A Proposed Decision which is accepted by both parties will become the Final Decision. If the complaint proceeds to the Head of Redress he will either amend or confirm the Proposed Decision as a Final Decision.

A Member will be bound by the findings of a Final Decision if accepted by the Complainant.

Rejecting a Complaint

We may not investigate a complaint or shall discontinue the investigation of a complaint if:

  • at any time it appears it is more appropriate for the complaint to be dealt with by a Court or under another independent complaints, conciliation or arbitration procedure (such as the First Tier Tribunal)
  • the complaint is already being or has been considered by a Court, or under another independent complaints, conciliation or arbitration procedure.
  • the complaint does not have a reasonable prospect of success or is considered to be frivolous or vexatious.
  • the complainant has not fulfilled their obligations under a contract or agreement such as paying disputed fees (this is to prevent legal action being taken as we are unable to accept a complaint when legal proceedings have/will be issued).

If the other resolution body has not considered all aspects of the complaint or if that body is not designed to offer financial compensation to the complainant, we may resume consideration of the complaint after that body has provided its decision on the matter (including court order). We will consider extending the 6 month deadline to raise the complaint in this situation, however the complaint must be raised with us within a reasonable period of time.

In all cases, we will provide the Complainant and Member with written reasons of any decision made.

Complainant Withdrawing a Complaint

A Complainant can withdraw their complaint from the PRS complaint process at any time. Upon confirmation from the Complainant we will inform the Member that the matter is closed from the point of view of the PRS. The Complainant may decide to proceed to try to achieve a resolution to their complaint using another method such as through the Courts.

Making a Decision

The matter may be resolved by mediation which means the parties have negotiated a settlement. The settlement agreement will be legally binding on the parties.

If the complaint proceeds to a Proposed Decision then further evidence may be requested. If a request for information or evidence is made and the complainant or Member does not respond within the period set out, the Scheme will not be compelled to consider any information or evidence provided late.

The Scheme will make a decision based on the evidence provided and any relevant Code of Practice connected with the Member, terms and conditions agreed by the parties, the law (including consumer law) and also what is fair, just and equitable in the circumstances of the specific case in question.

The burden of proof for any decision made will be on the ‘balance of probabilities’.

The Scheme may also request the parties attend a face to face hearing or mediation if it is felt that, that is the best way to resolve the complaint.

If, after analysing the complaint and evidence provided by both parties, the Scheme is unable to make a decision on the complaint then this will explain to the parties that a decision cannot be made and give the reasons why.

Response to Decision

The parties will have 15 working days to accept the Proposed Decision or make a review request based on the Scheme making an error in fact or law or there has been an administrative mistake in the Proposed Decision.

If the Complainant informs us that they do not agree with the Proposed Decision but does not wish for it to be reviewed, or does not respond to us within 15 working days of notification of the Proposed Decision then the complaint file will be closed and no further action will be taken by us.

If the complainant agrees with the Proposed Decision then it is final and binding and the Member if they do not make a review request and they must adhere to the findings of the Proposed Decision which becomes a Scheme Final Decision.


When making the decision, the Ombudsman may make an award to the complainant consisting of one or more of the following:

  1. an apology
  2. an explanation
  3. practical action to mitigate any detriment
  4. reimbursement of actual loss and/or costs incurred
  5. a payment in recognition of time and trouble taken to make the complaint
  6. a payment, where appropriate, for distress
  7. other appropriate action suggested by the complainant or decided by the Ombudsman

Any compensation payment will be calculated based on demonstrable loss or costs and will take into account any degree to which the complainant has contributed to the failure or loss suffered.

Residential Leasehold Complaints

With regards to Residential Leasehold complaints we would recommend you read the Association of Residential Managing Agents (ARMA) guidance on the remit of the ombudsman with regards to dealing with complaints.

If you are an individual leaseholder and the Managing Agent takes its instructions from a residential management company or a the freeholder then you should complain directly to the residential management company or the freeholder.
If you are unhappy with the response from the residential management company or the freeholder then we recommend the First Tier Tribunal (Property Chamber – Residential Property) may be your best avenue for redress.
If you are an individual leaseholder and you consider that the Property Redress Scheme is the correct avenue for your redress then we would recommend you contact us before raising the complaint so we can discuss your options.